Types of Rehabilitation

The Steps to a Full and Complete Recovery
An Overview of Intervention, Detoxification, Rehabilitation, and Aftercare

Rehabilitation – An Introduction

To this day, and since their inception and initial beginnings in the United States, inpatient, residential drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers have been by far the most successful avenues for fully ridding oneself of drug or alcohol addiction, abuse, and dependency. A rehabilitation center is a safe, secure, drug-free environment in which addicted persons can go to for various periods of time to receive professional physical detoxification to first rid themselves of the unwanted drug chemicals and residues in their bodies, and to then take part in the more extensive array of one-on-one counseling, different modes of therapy, group discussions, classes, and electives all designed to further cure the individual and to then set them up mentally for a life after rehab without drugs or alcohol. In this way, an individual is able to thoroughly confront both aspects of addiction in due course; the physical aspect through detox, and the mental aspect through rehab. Inpatient, residential, rehabilitation centers offer the highest of all chances in recovering an individual by fully and completely rectifying the damage done physically and mentally by the abused substances, so that the once addicted and now newly sober person can begin life anew with a fully clean slate and a fresh start.

Intervention – The First Step

Simply stated, intervention means to interject or interpose something between two things, or to prevent two things from coming together. The whole point and idea behind intervention is to literally, through the process of a well handled intervention, put something such as rehabilitation, between the addict and his or her drug of choice. Intervention is the first step on the road to recovery in that without it no gains whatsoever can be made, as the addict must first be cognizant of a need for rehab, ready to make that change, and willing to go to an inpatient rehab center for help. Intervention occurs in the form of family members and a professional interventionist all sitting down and confronting the addict on his or her addiction. Broken into steps, an intervention will involve first going over the damage the drug of choice is having on the person himself or herself physically and mentally. Continuing from that a delicate discussion will be had on the damage the person’s addiction is having on each individual family member, loved one, and friend. Following that it will be impressed upon and made clear to the addict just how bleak and brutally nonexistent the future is for him or her if he or she continues on his or her chosen path. Finally, and by far the most important and crucial step, a plea is made to the addict to agree to seek help for his or her addiction, and to go to an inpatient, residential, drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility.

Detoxification – The Physical Side of Things

The most easily seen and witnessed effect of drug use is the physical trials and tolls it exerts upon one’s body. The aspect of drugs that make them addictive is, when used frequently enough, that the body becomes used to their chemical compositions always being inside of it, and the body then adjusts its operating system so as to allow for a constantly permeating presence of drug chemicals in its substance. Soon after that, the body, so adjusted, becomes reliant upon drug chemicals inside it, and therefore becomes physically and chemically dependent on the drugs. Detoxification and medical withdrawal is the first stage of actual treatment. Detoxification, the highly specialized process by which the body cleanses itself of drugs, is set up to stave off as much as possible the painful, uncomfortable, and potentially dangerous physiological effects of suddenly stopping the intake of drugs into the body. Detoxification occurs in many different ways and methods. Some detoxes use other drugs and medicines to counteract the physiological withdrawal effects, others apply a more holistic, drug free approach to withdrawal with vitamin therapy, specialized diets, physical therapy, massage therapy, and other methods, while still others, mostly state-funded detoxes, use a potentially dangerous “cold turkey” method of detoxing with not assistance whatsoever, just close monitoring of vital signs to prevent death from occurring. Detoxification alone does not address the psychological, social, and behavioral problems and difficulties that come with addiction and therefore does not produce the lasting personality or attitude changes necessary for a full and complete recovery. Detoxification must always be followed by an immediate entry into an inpatient rehabilitation program.

Inpatient Rehabilitation: What Makes a Person get Clean for Good

Professional, inpatient, residential, rehabilitation and treatment creates a safe, secure, comfortable, and caring environment to provide support for a recently detoxed addict 24 hours a day 7 days a week, in a non-hospitalized, more homely and relaxed environment. The best-known and by far the most successful residential treatment model is the results based, open-ended rehabilitation model. This approach typically lasts anywhere from 2 two 12 months, but the length of the addict’s stay in the center literally depends entirely and completely upon their results within the program and how they travel through the program on the road to recovery. These results based programs focus strongly on one-on-one therapy of a cognitive nature where the main focus is to help the addict achieve an understanding of why the addict started using drugs or alcohol in the first place, and get down to the root of what really caused him or her to partake in a substance they knew very well would create unhappy circumstances in his or her life.

Once this core, basic reason is found, the addict can then begin to do away with all the bad habits, poor attitudes, and non-optimum characteristics of his or her personality and general mindset. This is where the true healing really begins to occur. At this point the treatment focuses mainly on developing personal accountability, responsibility, good morals, personal integrity, honesty, a strong work ethic, reliability, and a desire to have a socially productive life. This type of approach is quite highly structured, well thought out, and can be difficult for the addict to confront at times, as it should be, for if it was easy and didn’t take much confront for an addict to get clean, addicts the world over would be able to get clean on their own. This is not the case however.

This rehab model will contain multiple additional activities and electives designed to help residents examine damaging mind sets, self images, and destructive patterns of behavior and action, and methodologies to adopt new, more harmonious and pro-survival ways to go about life with others. Many rehabs also offer elective services, such as employment training, life skills courses, behavioral reintegration, courses on how to succeed outside of rehab, and other educational programs.

Aftercare: Fine-tuning the Recovery

There is a crucial and key activity in staying clean that once an individual has completed an inpatient rehab program, he or she must take part in. Without any question of a doubt whatsoever, the all-time most important factor in maintaining and continuing sobriety after the full completion of an inpatient program is achieved is to then immediately take part in an involved and committed aftercare program. Addictionologists the world over agree that the very first, initial aftercare session should be one of the first things an individual returning to their home town from having just completed a rehab should take part in. Done quickly enough, and with enough resolve and determination on the part of the newly recovered individual, addictionologist therapists can then easily and almost effortlessly engage in discourse with the newly-recovering person on many, many levels.

To his or her benefit, the newly recovered individual still has everything; all the tools, all the mindsets, all the education, literally everything he or she learned from the rehab still very fresh in his or her mind. Having just experienced first hand the extensive benefits of one-on-one counseling very recently in the inpatient rehab itself, the individual will usually be quite open to working in-depth with his or her aftercare counselor. The aftercare counselors themselves will also have vital local knowledge of the surrounding areas to offer to the newly sober individual, and will also have a detailed knowledge of fresh recovery tips and tricks to then pass on to the person. Perhaps most importantly, but hopefully unneeded in most cases, an aftercare counselor will be able to notice, identify, and quickly counteract triggers, concerns, and warning signs about the client’s behavior, and will be able to work with him or her on these to help the individual maintain the correct path to a happier life that he or she has so recently and thankfully chosen.